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PCB manufacturer China: What causes PCB warning

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Popularity:937Dated :04-01-2022 06:46【big well Small

As PCB manufacturer China  knows that, Printed circuit boards can become unusable after warping too much. However, every single PCB will show some degree of warping due to the nature of their manufacturing process. Generally speaking, any warpage under 0.75% is considered in range for industry specifications, although this may differ depending on the end use of a product. This warping is generally invisible to the untrained eye.

PCB warpage occurs due to the presence of imbalanced copper percentages in different layers of the board. Laminate is made out of several different types of materials: resin, glass fibers, and copper. Although these layers are flat, they also have “locked-in” stress – when heated to extremely high temperatures, thermal expansion causes movement in the direction of that stress. PCB board layers thus need to account for this movement in a balancing act.

In multilayer printed circuit boards, it is thus essential that the layers of copper are properly balanced around the central layer, and distributing equal amounts of weight around the center helps minimize the warpage.

The amount of warp and weft associated with different prepregs can be calculated in advance to prevent major warpage. The closer a prepreg’s warp fill is to another, the less chance for warpage, whereas prepregs with significantly different warp fills in the x and y directions create the potential for warpage.

As soon as a board begins warping, it will continue to warp further throughout the soldering process thanks to the introduction of heat activating the locked-in stress of the board.

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