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FPC manufacturer:How to prevent PCB circuit board bending and warping in the reflow furnace

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Popularity:77Dated :09-24-2021 03:17【big well Small

1. Reduce the influence of temperature on PCB circuit board stress

Since "temperature" is the main source of circuit board stress, as long as the temperature of the reflow furnace is reduced or the rate of heating and cooling of the circuit board in the reflow furnace is slowed in FPC manufacturer, the occurrence of board bending and warping can be greatly reduced. . However, other side effects may occur, such as solder short circuit.

2. Use high Tg plates

Tg is the glass transition temperature, that is, the temperature at which the material changes from the glass state to the rubber state. The lower the Tg value of the material, the faster the circuit board starts to soften after entering the reflow furnace, and it becomes soft rubber state The time will be longer, and the deformation of the PCB circuit board will of course be more serious. Using a higher Tg plate can increase its ability to withstand stress and deformation, but the price of the material is relatively high.

3. Increase the thickness of the circuit board

In order to achieve the purpose of lighter and thinner for many electronic products, the thickness of the circuit board has left 1.0mm, 0.8mm, or even 0.6mm. Such a thickness must keep the circuit board from deforming after the reflow furnace, which is really a bit It is difficult for others. It is recommended that if there is no requirement for lightness and thinness, the thickness of the circuit board should be 1.6mm, which can greatly reduce the risk of bending and deformation of the board.

4. Reduce the size of the circuit board and reduce the number of puzzles

Since most reflow furnaces use chains to drive the circuit board forward, the larger the size of the circuit board will be due to its own weight, dent and deformation in the reflow furnace, so try to put the long side of the circuit board as the edge of the board. On the chain of the reflow furnace, the depression and deformation caused by the weight of the circuit board can be reduced. The reduction in the number of panels is also based on this reason. That is to say, when passing the furnace, try to use the narrow edge to pass the furnace direction as far as possible. The amount of depression deformation.

5. Used furnace tray fixture

If the above methods are difficult to achieve, the last is to use reflow carrier/template to reduce the amount of deformation. The reason why the reflow carrier/template can reduce the bending of the plate is because it is hoped whether it is thermal expansion or cold contraction. The tray can hold the circuit board and wait until the temperature of the circuit board is lower than the Tg value and start to harden again, and can still maintain the original size. If the single-layer pallet cannot reduce the deformation of the circuit board, a cover must be added to clamp the circuit board with the upper and lower pallets, which can greatly reduce the problem of circuit board deformation through the reflow furnace. However, this oven tray is quite expensive, and manual labor is required to place and recycle the trays.

6. Use Router instead of V-Cut's sub-board

Since V-Cut will destroy the structural strength of the board between the circuit boards, try not to use the V-Cut sub-board or reduce the depth of the V-Cut.

 

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