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What is Rigid flex PCB Baking?

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Popularity:92Dated :07-13-2021 05:42【big well Small

Rigid flex PCB baking is a way to remove moisture from a fabricated PCB. When the surface of a PCB is cooler than the air that surrounds it, condensation can occur. This results in moisture getting trapped in the printed circuit board or getting absorbed by the laminate material of the PCB. If there is moisture left in the PCB, it can turn into water vapor/steam in various PCB processing stages and expand,  which can damage the board or result in circuit failure. The amount of moisture content that a PCB will absorb depends on the laminate material used in the PCB. For example, polyimide flex and rigid materials can absorb more moisture than FR4 boards.

In the PCB Baking process, the PCB is placed in an oven which is usually maintained at a temperature from 100 to 110 °C (Can go up to 130 °C). The high temperature results in the evaporation of moisture from the board. It is important not to overheat the board or bake it for too long as this can result in damaging the board. Weight gain and loss measurements can be used to determine if the moisture has evaporated from the circuit board.

One of the main objectives of Rigid flex PCB baking is to eliminate outgassing of moisture through the copper plating in via holes and prevent delamination or measling of the PCB. Outgassing in via holes occurs during the automated or manual soldering process causing blow holes or sunken solder fillets, pin holes. Delamination or measling can occur when moisture accumulates in voids or at the interface between the epoxy/laminate on poorly bonded multi-layer boards, during the rework or solder process.

 

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